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Drug signs and teenagers

It's common for parents to worry that their teenagers will use drugs. Learn the signs of drug use so that you can be alert. Early intervention on your part can help your teen stay out of trouble from drugs.

Alternative Names

Teenagers and drugs; Symptoms of drug use in teenagers; Drug abuse - teenagers; Substance abuse - teenagers

Information

Learn about the different types of drugs that may be used .

Older teens are more likely to use drugs than younger teens. Marijuana (pot) is still common. More and more teens are using prescription drugs.

  • About 1 out of 7 high school seniors have used prescription drugs.
  • About 1 out of 3 have used marijuana in the last year.
  • Younger teens use drugs that are inhaled more than older teens.

Keep your eyes open for signs of drug use. Physical signs include:

  • Slow or slurred speech (from using downers and depressants)
  • Rapid, explosive speech (from using uppers)
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Cough that does not go away
  • Unusual odor on breath (from using inhalant drugs)
  • Pupils are extremely big (dilated) or extremely small (pinpoint)
  • Rapid eye motion (nystagmus) -- a possible sign of PCP use
  • Loss of appetite (occurs with amphetamine, methamphetamine, or cocaine use)
  • Increased appetite (with marijuana use)
  • Unsteady gait

There may be noticeable changes in your teen's energy level. You may notice:

  • Sluggishness, listlessness, or constant sleeping (from using opiate drugs, such as heroin or codeine, or when coming down off stimulant drugs)
  • Hyperactivity (as seen with uppers such as cocaine and methamphetamine)

Your teen's behavior may change. You may notice:

  • Poor grades in school and missing more school days
  • Not taking part in usual activities
  • Change in group of friends
  • Secretive activities
  • Lying or stealing

Get help early for your teen. Help them stop using drugs before it becomes a more serious problem.

More information is available at http://teens.drugabuse.gov/ .

References

Stager MM. Substance abuse. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. GemeIII JW, Schor NF, Behrman RE, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 108.

National Institute on Drug Abuse: Preventing drug use among children and adolescents. NIH Publication No. 04-4212(B). 1997. Revised October 2003. http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/preventing-drug-abuse-among-children-adolescents. Accessed August 8, 2013.

Updated: 8/18/2013

Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.


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