Navigate Up

Pregnancy Center - A-Z Index


Print This Page



In 1951, Dr. Fernand Lamaze introduced a method of childbirth in France by incorporating techniques he observed in Russia. This method, consisting of childbirth education classes, relaxation, breathing techniques, and continuous emotional support from the father and a specially trained nurse, became known as the Lamaze method.

Word of mouth spread in the United States during the late 1950s after Marjorie Karmel wrote of her childbirth experience titled, Thank You Dr. Lamaze. The book inspired many women to approach childbirth as a shared event for both mother and father, and as a natural part of life. In 1960, Marjorie Karmel and physical therapist Elizabeth Bing formed ASPO/Lamaze (now Lamaze International), a not-for-profit organization composed of parents, childbirth educators, health care providers and other health professionals, to spread the word about Lamaze and to set the standards for Lamaze childbirth educators.

Some Lamaze educators teach early pregnancy classes focusing on pregnancy and the growth and development of the baby. All Lamaze childbirth educators teach a series of classes for women and their partners during the last trimester of pregnancy, which prepares them for labor and birth. These classes focus on the normal process of labor and birth and strategies that women and their partners can use to enhance the progress of labor and to reduce pain and fear. Information about complications and medical options is also included so that parents can make informed decisions should they need to do so.

What Is The Philosophy Behind A Lamaze Birth?

Lamaze International believes:

  • Birth is normal.
  • The experience of birth profoundly affects women and their families.
  • Women's inner wisdom guides them through birth.
  • Women's confidence and ability to give birth is either enhanced or diminished by the health care provider and place of birth.
  • Women have a right to give birth free from routine medical interventions.
  • Birth can safely take place in birth centers and homes.
  • Childbirth education empowers women to make informed choices in health care, to assume responsibility for their health and to trust their inner wisdom.

Why Should You Attend Lamaze Childbirth Classes?

Women have always prepared for the birth of their babies. Until recent times, women learned about childbirth from their own mothers and sisters. Birth took place at home, and family rituals and traditions ensured that women were confident in their ability to give birth -- surrounded by family and wise women who provided comfort and encouragement through labor. Lamaze attempts to recreate this experience.

What Is Covered In Lamaze Classes?

True Lamaze classes today focus on much more than just the "breathing." Most Lamaze teachers concentrate class time on normal labor, birth, and on the many choices that expectant parents have today regarding their childbirth experience. Pregnant women and their partners practice various positions, which will facilitate the normal progress of labor and birth. Partners and other support persons learn massage techniques to ease the pain of labor and enhance relaxation.


Comfort measures such as hydrotherapy, the use of heat and cold, and pressure are discussed. Much time is spent on relaxation skills, including breathing strategies and skills, which can be used throughout life in times of stress. Communications skills are practiced -- both for the pregnant woman with her partner or other support person, and for the pregnant woman with the other members of the health care team. Class members discuss what they would like for the childbirth experience and what they can do to help make that experience happen. Lamaze classes are a good place to meet other women who are far along in their pregnancies. Together, they can discuss common concerns and learn from each other. Some Lamaze classes also include tours of the birthing center of the health care facility.


Are Common Problems That Arise During Labor Discussed?

Yes. Some time is spent on problems that occur during labor and birth and what the pregnant woman and her partner might need to know. Information is provided about anesthesia and medical procedures so that women can make informed choices about what is appropriate for their particular experience. Fear is reduced by learning what happens during labor and birth, and confidence is increased by learning skills which help the pregnant woman to manage the pain and stress of labor and birth. New innovations in maternity care are discussed, such as the benefits of a doula or professional labor support. Most classes also spend time on getting breastfeeding off to a good start, other aspects of the postpartum period, and making the most of shortened stays in the birthplace.

Updated: 12/9/2012

Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Maternal Fetal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

©  UPMC | Affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Supplemental content provided by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions. All rights reserved.

For help in finding a doctor or health service that suits your needs, call the UPMC Referral Service at 412-647-UPMC (8762) or 1-800-533-UPMC (8762). Select option 1.

UPMC is an equal opportunity employer. UPMC policy prohibits discrimination or harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, sex, genetics, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, familial status, disability, veteran status, or any other legally protected group status. Further, UPMC will continue to support and promote equal employment opportunity, human dignity, and racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity. This policy applies to admissions, employment, and access to and treatment in UPMC programs and activities. This commitment is made by UPMC in accordance with federal, state, and/or local laws and regulations.

Medical information made available on is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not rely entirely on this information for your health care needs. Ask your own doctor or health care provider any specific medical questions that you have. Further, is not a tool to be used in the case of an emergency. If an emergency arises, you should seek appropriate emergency medical services.

For UPMC Mercy Patients: As a Catholic hospital, UPMC Mercy abides by the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services, as determined by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. As such, UPMC Mercy neither endorses nor provides medical practices and/or procedures that contradict the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.

Pittsburgh, PA, USA