Gastric Banding Surgery, Procedure, and Complications
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery — also called lap band surgery or gastric banding — is an increasingly popular weight loss procedure performed in the United States.
Inserts a thin, inflatable ring or “band” to create a new, smaller stomach pouch.
Unlike conventional gastric bypass surgery, lap band surgery is:
- Minimally invasive — no cutting, stapling, or re-routing of the intestinal tract.
- Reversible and adjustable.
Your bariatric surgeon will perform this lap band surgery laparoscopically, making several small 1/4- to 1/2-inch abdominal incisions.
|How you lose weight:
||Because the adjustable lap band controls the outlet between the upper and lower parts of the stomach, it regulates the flow of food between the two so you feel full sooner. |
||Weight loss is slow and gradual. Expect to lose 40 to 50 percent of excess body weight over 24 or more months after lap band surgery.|
||Less than one hour.|
||One or two days.|
||About 10 days.|
What to Expect: Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band
Here's what to expect, if you're considering this minimally invasive weight loss surgery.
During Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band (Lap Band) Surgery
After you receive general anesthesia, your bariatric surgeon will:
- Make several small incisions on your abdomen to insert the laparoscope — a tool with a light and a tiny camera that sends pictures to a nearby computer monitor.
- Implant an inflatable silicone band around the upper portion of your stomach — like a belt — and create a new, smaller pouch. The larger, lower part of your stomach will remain in tact.
- Connect the band system, using a tube, to an access port located directly beneath the skin of your abdomen.
- The access port allows your surgeon to adjust the band in the future.
- Although you can have the band completely removed if necessary, it is intended to remain in place for life.
After Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band (Lap Band) Surgery
- You can expect to stay in the hospital for one or two days.
- The morning after your lap band surgery, you will start a clear liquid diet for at least one week. It's very important that you drink at least 64 ounces of fluid every day to avoid becoming dehydrated.
- Immediately before discharge, your bariatric surgery team will give you instructions on how to care for yourself at home, including:
- Incision care
- Pain control
- Vitamin supplements
Follow-up: Modifying Your Laparoscopic Adjustable
Gastric Band (Lap Band)
Follow-up appointments are very important after laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (lap band) surgery.
Multiple times a year, your bariatric surgeon will need to adjust your laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to:
- Achieve appropriate restriction
- Slow the passage of food from the small stomach pouch
- Help you meet your weight loss needs
Your surgeon will pass a fine needle through the skin and into the access port to add or subtract saline. This usually takes just a few minutes and most people say it's nearly painless.
Gastric Banding Complications
Some of the gastric banding risks include:
- Band slippage, erosion, deflation
- Obstruction of stomach
- Dilation of esophagus
- Port malposition, infection, breakage, or hernia
- Wound infection or skin separation
Your bariatric surgeon will review all potential risks and complications with you prior to lap band surgery.